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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 203 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 石世豪,經濟效益、社會工程與政治過程:通訊傳播匯流立法的挑戰,法令月刊,61卷1期,頁15,2010年1月
  2. 6. 江耀國,英國2003 年通訊傳播法之研究──兼論我國通訊傳播匯流立法,東吳法律學報,第 20卷第3期 ,頁170-172,2009年1月
  3. 9. 洪貞玲,國家管制與言論自由—從衛星電視換照爭議談起,廣播與電視,第26期,頁52,2006年1月
  4. 4. 張益勤,臺灣廣電媒體外人所有權政策之形成與演變,國立臺灣大學新聞研究所碩士論文,2009年
  5. 5. 張凱渟,台灣地區有線電視系統業者經營效率分析—三階段法之應用,國立政治大學經濟學系碩士論文,頁50,2007年。
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