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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.古嘉諄,介紹美國法院體系內之附屬仲裁機制-兼談引進國內之可能性,律師雜誌,第261期,頁3(2001)。
  2. 10.冷函芸,我國訴訟外調解之機制與實踐,法令月刊,第64期第7卷,頁136-137(2013)。
  3. 24.顏玉明,採用爭議審議機制及早預防與解決工程履約爭議之研究,政大法學評論,第129期,頁4-5(2012)。
  4. 25.龔春生,以「替代性糾紛解決」(ADR)處理台商在大陸的商務糾紛,華人經濟研究,第9卷第2期,頁59(2011)。
  5. 2.Davis, Mary J., SECTION II: Summary Adjudication Methods in United States Civil Procedure, 46 The American Journal of Comparative Law 257(1998).
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