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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 彭蕙仙、常雲鳳譯,Annalee Saxenian著,”區域優勢”《Regional Advantage》,天下文化出版,1999年10月。
  2. 16. 吳凱林譯,Clayton M. Christensen著,”創新的兩難”《The Innovator’s Dilemma》,商周出版,2000年6月。
  3. 28. 春山茂雄著,魏珠恩譯,“腦內革命”《A great revolution In the brain world》,創意力文化出版,1996年8月。
  4. 41. 周旭華譯,Michael L. Tushman及Charles A. O’Reilly Ⅲ合著,“勇於創新”《Winning through Innovation》,天下文化,1998年4月。
  5. 86. “New Product processes at Leading Industrial Firms”,Industrial Marketing Management,Robert G. Cooper &Elko J.Kleinschmidt,May 1991。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳奕慧(2004)。華人創業家適性量表的建構。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2004。1-112。
  2. 黃雅君(2013)。中小企業成長速度之前因探討:以台灣中小企業為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-85。
  3. 羅偉哲(2013)。新創團隊之商業模式發展研究 - 以C公司為例。清華大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-77。
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