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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 王國烜(民90),企業創新策略、核心競爭力類型及其配適對經營績效影響之研究-以海峽兩岸台商企業網路互賴觀點實證,中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  2. 4. 台灣區製鞋工業同業公會(民90),歷年台灣製鞋工業同業公會人數統計表,台灣區製鞋工業同業公會出版。
  3. 5. 何雍慶、洪清德、黃德舜、鎮明常、郭金茂、李秋錦、沈錦全、萬永彬、黃達人(民85),鋼品國內供需及其競爭力之調查分析-鋼條類,台灣區鋼鐵工業同業公會和國立中正大學企業研究所。
  4. 16. 李漢雄、郭書齊(民87),提升競爭優勢的人力資 源策略—談創新力發展與創新活動導入,勞資關係論叢,第7期,第7卷,頁31-62。
  5. 19. 林天德(民89),國際運動鞋品牌之進入模式及行銷策略之研究-以台灣市場為例,私立元智大學管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
Times Cited (34) 〈TOP〉
  1. 萬琴恩(2008)。日本生物科技產業群聚之研究-以關西彩都地區為例。淡江大學日本研究所碩士班學位論文。2008。1-121。 
  2. 詹石寶(2007)。企業自主性的導入ISO 9001:2000版與提昇企業競爭優勢之關聯性研究。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-94。 
  3. 詹百琳(2006)。綜合型量販店群聚的影響因素之研究-以大台北地區為例。淡江大學未來學研究所碩士班學位論文。2006。1-111。 
  4. 黃慧雯(2006)。台灣印刷電路板業之核心能力與競爭優勢探討。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-92。 
  5. 賴國華(2007)。聚集現象-台灣科技產業實證分析。清華大學經濟學系學位論文。2007。1-100。 
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