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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [6] 毛立青,「協同商務之研究─以TFT-LCD 產業為例」,元智大學資訊管理學系,碩士論文,2003。
  2. [20] 白光華,「市場導向之研發管理」,清華大學創新育成中心舉辦「產品研發管理系列」課程,2004。
  3. [27]CIMdata Inc., “PDM:The Definition An Introduction to Concepts, Benefits, and Terminology, Complimentary Reprots,” (1999) (
  4. 中文部分
  5. [1] 金明華,「台北資訊研發部門進行兩岸設計分工模式研究」,雲林科技大學工業設計研究所碩士論文,2001。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖世賢(2007)。閉迴式設計變更控管流程應用於概念設計。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-43。 
  2. 謝曜聲(2007)。以網站服務整合同步工程之產品知識管理系統。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-104。
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