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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 14. 劉江彬、陳美章著(2002),「兩岸智慧財產權保護與運用」,元照,2002年6月。
  2. 6. 邰博榮著(ROUZBEH TABADDOR),陳儷卿譯(2004),「如何建立企業內部一個具有實際功效的智慧財產權部門」,北美智權事務所,2004年,7月。
  3. 15. 祝文正(2003),「研究機構中技術移轉執行及管理之研究—以中科院軍民通用科技為例」,私立中原大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文,2003年8月。
  4. 18. 陳弘展(2001),「研究機構建立營業秘密管理制度之研究」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2001年6月。
  5. 33. 黃遠瑞(2002),「研究機構研究紀錄簿內容撰寫探討與實證研究—以中科院及工研院」,私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,2002年2月。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳貞佑(2006)。企業專利管理與內部報導之個案研究。政治大學會計研究所學位論文。2006。1-100。
  2. 陳咏均(2009)。量販店服務品質、顧客滿意度、轉換成本與信任關係模式之研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-92。
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