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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.吳玫瑩,2003年,損耗性商品在缺貨與隨機需求下之整合性供應鏈存貨模式,私立中原大學工業工程系博士學位論文。
  2. 5.王派榮著,2002年,豐田生產方式運作之研究─台灣汽車公司及其協力廠之成功案例,中原大學企管系碩士論文。
  3. 6.葉焜煌著,2001年4月,e化供應鏈管理之績效指標探討,資訊管理研究,第三卷,第二期。
  4. 11.張聖麟著,1998月,卓越化生產管理,二版,華泰文化事業股份有限公司。
  5. 1. Celley, Albert F.” Implementation of JIT in the United States. ”Journal of purchasing and Materials Management 22,no.4(1986):9-15.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張進旺(2009)。推行豐田式生產管理系統之關鍵要素 以汽車模具業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-65。 
  2. 許秀如(2011)。訂單式生產導入供應商看板系統之應用與探討-以某汽車零件廠為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2011。1-98。 
  3. 鍾仲哲(2012)。買賣雙方整合存貨系統最佳生產與配送政策之研究。屏東科技大學工業管理系所學位論文。2012。1-85。 
  4. 林柏蒼(2015)。精實生產於廚具板材加工之應用。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2015。1-75。 
  5. 張林燁(2008)。鋁合金輪圈業導入豐田生產方式關鍵因素之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-73。
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