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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. Tatsuoka, K. K. & Tatsuoka, M. M. (1997). “Computerized cognitive diagnostic adaptive testing: effect on remedial instruction as empirical validation.” Journal of Educational Measurement, 34(1), 3-20.
  2. 6. Tazki, E. & Amagsa, M., (1997). “Fuzzy Sets and Systems:Structural modeling in a class of systems using fuzzy sets theory.” North-Holland Publishing Company. p. 87-103.
  3. 7. Warfield, J. N. (1973a). “On Arranging Elements of a Hierarchy in Graphic Form.” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC3(2): p. 121-132.
  4. 9. Warfield, J. N. (1974a). “Toward Interpretation of Complex Structural Models.” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC4(5): p. 405-417.
  5. 10. Warfield, J. N. (1974b). “Developing Interconnection Matrices in Structural Modeling.” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC4(1): p. 81-87.
Times Cited (12) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱 憶 萱(2009)。旅行業對矩陣式組織設計之可行性研究 -以雄獅旅遊為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-108。 
  2. 郭佳琪(2011)。新進稅務人員素養提升關鍵因子之研究。中興大學會計學研究所學位論文。2011。1-78。 
  3. 陳文良(2009)。建構台灣太陽能電池產業之企業發展合作網絡模型。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-156。 
  4. 吳懿軒(2007)。組織特徵圖譜之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-107。 
  5. 陳仟祐(2012)。應用ISM及貝氏網路分析法 建構專案時程延遲風險之預測模型。虎尾科技大學工業工程與管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2012。1-84。 
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