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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 28 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石兆平,2005年,「實驗室認證規範ISO/IEC 17025訓練」,財團法人全國認證基金會主辦。
  2. 李效傑,2003年,台灣行動電話產業物流營運模式及其績效之研究,中原大學企業管理系未出版碩士學位論文。
  3. 左思謙,2004年,第三代行動通訊系統整合無線區域網路服務之關鍵因素探討,國立成功大學電信管理研究所未出版碩士學位論文。
  4. 江容,2004年,實驗室認證系統實施效益之研究,國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士學位論文。
  5. EA Co-operation for Accreditation PTT,「The role and development of accreditation」,
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳慧如(2009)。國際驗證產業生態之研究。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  2. 陳文棠(2010)。供需失衡下之競合研究 - 第四代行動通訊測試產業為例。臺北科技大學商業自動化與管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-62。
  3. 鍾秀瑄(2016)。校正實驗室評選研究-以半導體封裝測試廠為例。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系工程碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-62。
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