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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11、James R. Stock, Douglas M. Lambert著、林君維編譯,運籌管理,美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司,初版(2007)
  2. 29、張建彥、何定為、彭玉真,國際物流法規架構與知識庫建立之研究,中華管理學報WTO貿易與物流專刊(2005)
  3. 32、鮑學超、陳麗瑛、鄭凱方,台灣如何發展成為物流運籌中心?,經濟前瞻九月刊(2005)
  4. 1、陳曦翔,全球運籌中心之競逐—東亞七大航空貨運園區兼自由貿易港區競爭策略分析與研究,國立台灣大學商學研究所碩士論文(2006)
  5. 3、余章鈞,第三方委外物流業者與廠商間介面管理之研究,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文(2002)
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