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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 442 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如哲(2010)。解析「學生學習成效」。評鑑雙月刊,27。
  2. 王姿雯(2011)。國小六年級學童家庭內社會資本、英語學習動機及英語學業成就之研究:以新北市板橋區某公立國小為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學兒童英語教育學系碩士班,台北市。
  3. 甘惠華(2005)。臺灣地區三年級至九年級學生英語學習動機之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學英語學系,台北市。
  4. 何雅芬(2012)。國民中小學教師英語補救教學實踐之個案研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立台灣師範大學教育學系,台北市。
  5. 何嘉欣(2011)。國中生未來時間觀、學習資源的社會支持與學習動機、學業成就之研究(未出版之博士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班,台北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張藝璉(2015)。國中補救教學政策執行現況及改良途徑之探討─以桃園市為例。中央大學法律與政府研究所學位論文。2015。1-389。
  2. 胡素月(2018)。回音法策略增進國中七年級補救教學學生英語聽力與自我效能之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2018。1-160。
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