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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宜蓉(2010)。一~九年級數學教科書中代數符號及等號概念之發展設計(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學,臺北市。
  2. 昌秀英(2011)。國小低年級學童等號概念與教師對其發展情形了解之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。私立中原大學,桃園縣。
  3. 南一書局企業股份有限公司(2011)。國民小學數學教師手冊第一冊。臺南市:南一書局企業股份有限公司。
  4. 姚如芬(2011)。低年級學童對於「加法交換律」與「等號」的認識。科學教育學刊,19(3),211-235。
  5. 袁媛、陳國龍、張世明(2007)。萬用揭示板(Magic Board)-國小特教老師的數學教學好幫手。特教論壇,3,1-13。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩錦(2013)。七年級學生的等號概念與其對代數學習之影響研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2013。1-75。 
  2. 熊貴蓮(2014)。萬用揭示板運用在國小五年級學童等值分數補救教學之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-199。 
  3. 蔡瑋芝(2013)。特教巡迴輔導教師使用萬用揭示板融入輕度智能障礙學生乘法教學之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-124。 
  4. 蘇紋玉(2016)。資訊科技融入國小數學科學習成效之研究-以國小三年級時間單元為例。虎尾科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-85。
  5. 黃幼如(2016)。運用萬用揭示板發展國小特殊生認識錢幣教材之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-135。
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