Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] IPCC, IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, 2007.
  2. [4] 王治元,智慧型基因演算法於多目標排成之發展與應用-以PCB鑽孔作業為例,元智大學工業工程與管理研究所碩士論文,2004。
  3. [6] 王鈺婷,運用多目標規劃探討混凝土預拌車派遣配送問題,國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所碩士論文,2009。
  4. [13] 杜瑞澤,產品永續設計,亞太出版社,2002。
  5. [14] 沉淵琮,基於產品結構變異降低產品開發之環境衝擊,國立清華大學,2010。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張博程(2014)。低碳產品供應鏈網絡設計與分析。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-56。
  2. 李以勒(2017)。應用環境足跡衝擊評估方法於產品設計。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-65。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :