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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林書弘(2015),軍隊績效管理制度對組織變革之影響¬-以空軍為例,淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 11. 周少凱、沈琬雯、王介楷(2015),部門主管領導風格與領導效能對於員工工作績效之影響-以建設公司為例,嶺東學報(37)。
  3. 12. 侯望倫(1984),工作壓力的實證研究—組織氣候角色特性人格特質與壓力症候的關係,國立政治大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 13. 徐瑋伶(2003),工作動機研究之回顧與前瞻,應用心理研究,頁89 -113。
  5. 14. 許志駿(2012),人格特質、工作壓力與時間管理對離職傾向之關聯性研究-以我國四大事務所審計人員為例,淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班碩士論文。
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