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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳穎沺(2003)。建構主義式的科學學習活動對國小高年級學生認知結構之影響。國立交通大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 林達森(2001)。合作建構教學與認知風格對國中學生生物能量概念學習之效應。國立台灣師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文。
  3. 張子超(1997)。學生環境知識概念結構發展的研究。師大學報,42,31-48。
  4. 陳恵娟(2003)。國中綜合活動領域實施概念構圖教學之成效研究。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭研究所碩士論文。
  5. 陳蕙菁(2002)。以概念圖探究國小三年級學童溫度概念的概念學習。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張雪芬(2014)。小組合作概念構圖融入小二生活課程提升學童問題解決能力之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-138。 
  2. 劉麗娟(2014)。配對協同學習融入國小高年級自然科教學之行動研究。淡江大學課程與教學研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-211。 
  3. 李淑如(2015)。高職實用技能學程美髮技術科業師協同教學之相關研究- 以S學校為例。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-105。 
  4. 曾俊遠(2009)。概念構圖對體育師資生學科教學知識影響之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2009。1-109。
  5. 李佳翰(2011)。寫作融入實驗活動 對國中學生的認知與情意影響之研究 ─以空氣單元為例。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-201。
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