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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王瑤芬,& 洪久賢.(2004).我國觀光餐旅業員工離職傾向研究之內容分析.觀光研究學報, 10 (4), 125-143.
  2. 9. 沈昭吟,& 詹昆霖.(2013).傳統產業員工之逆境商數對工作壓力,組織承諾與離職意圖之相關研究.朝陽商管評論,12(1),2013,33-63.
  3. 11.南金昀.(2010).主管領導風格, 激勵制度對機械, 金屬加工業員工留任意願影響研究.淡江大學企業管理學系,未出版之碩士論文,台北.
  4. 23.黃家珍. (2011). 科技人才留任與離職因素之探討, 國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文.
  5. 29.鄭建浩.(1997).新事業人員甄選之工作價值觀與企業文化之適應性研究,元智大學管理學研究所碩士論文,桃園.
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