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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林樹聲(2007) 。國小資深科學教師的專業改變:以基因改造食品議題之教學為例。科學教育學刊,15(3),241-264。
  2. 邱憶惠、高忠增(2003)。教師知識之個案研究:以兩位國小級任教師為例。台中師院學報,17(2) ,91-112。
  3. 張世忠(2005)。網路融入協同教學之研究:以國中自然與生活科技領域為例。中原學報,33(4),725-743。
  4. 張惠博(2001)。九年一貫課程的實施與教師的專業成長。科學教育月刊,239,13-25。
  5. 張靜儀(2001)。國小自然科教師教學個案研究-教師背景與教學之探討。國立屏東師範學院學報,14,899-932。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秀貞(2013)。探究式教學對國小自然科教師PCK之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-129。 
  2. 陳玲芝(2012)。一個教學反思模式對國小自然科教師PCK之探討。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-174。 
  3. 陳韻雯(2014)。應用互動式電子白板對國中科學教師PCK發展之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-152。
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