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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣經濟研究院(2001),「水資源總體經濟模式(1/4)」,經濟部水資源局委託。
  2. 成之約,辛炳隆與劉黃麗娟 (2002),「外籍幫傭與監護工引進對國內就業影響之初探」,《勞資關係論叢》,11,69-95。
  3. 江豐富 (2006),「外勞引進對本國勞工失業、職業選擇及薪資之影響」《臺灣經濟預測與政策》,37(1):69-111。
  4. 扈永安(1999),「談外勞問題及其治本之道」,《臺灣經濟研究月刊》,22(11),32-36。
  5. 莊奕琦與李鈞元(2003),「如何衡量人力資本:理論與台灣實證」,《經濟論文叢刊》,31(1),51-85。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝淑惠(2012)。受僱人力資源對國內經濟因素影響之研究。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-54。
  2. 李志偉(2016)。高雄市政府警察局人力退休與配置之研究-以交通警察大隊為例。義守大學公共政策與管理學系學位論文。2016。1-56。
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