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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10.李俊穎,民97,應用價值流程圖於產品研發流程之研究-以某高爾夫球頭製造廠為例,碩士論文,國立屏東科技大學工業管理研究所。
  2. 13.廖秀姬、任恆毅,2008,精實生產價值溪流程改善方法之實證研究-以某汽車空調製造商為例,品質學報,Vol.15,No.5,p.323-336。
  3. 16.許文治,2013,現場改善第二版,今井正明著,美商麥格羅•希爾國際股份有限公司出版,台北。
  4. 20.Rahani,AR. and Muhammad A. “Production Flow Analysis through Value Stream Mapping: A Lean Manufacturing Process Case Study.” ,Procedia Engineering 41 pp.1727–1734 , 2012.
  5. 21.Amy L. ,Chialin Chena and Richard E. “TPS's process design in American automotive plants and its effects on the triple bottom line and sustainability. ”, Int. J. Production Economics 140 pp.374-384 ,2012.
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