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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王志明,2014年,跨產業顧問式行銷之比較研究-內隱交換成本理論觀點,中原大學企業管理系碩士論文。
  2. 6.柯雅菁,2007年,台灣廠商兼營代工與自有品牌下之最適組織營運模式-探究其代工與自有品牌分割與否之關鍵決策因素,國立台灣大學國際企業研究學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 15.黃淑媛,2002年,投機主義的前因和後果變數關係模式之建構,成功大學企業管理學系研究所碩士論文。
  4. 17.張鈞凱,2013年,資產專屬性對於代工廠商營運成效關聯性影響-以代工業務與自有品牌比較,國立中正大學企業管理研究所碩士學位論文。
  5. 19.楊舒蜜,2010年,價值創造與價值專屬之雙面兼具-知識統治之觀點,中興大學企業管理管理研究所博士論文。
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