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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 安勤之 (2008) 。四物湯的保健食品化:從物的生命史看中藥在台灣的當代轉化。未出版碩士論文,臺灣大學社會學研究所,臺北。
  2. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花 (2005) 。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析。質性研究訪談模式與實施,3 (2),122-136。
  3. 翁毓穗(2007)。臺灣中草藥產業之空間發展歷程。未出版碩士論文,臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所,臺北。
  4. 崔玖、林麗美 (1998)。台灣民間食物養生的探討。載於張玉欣主編,第五屆中國飲食文化學術研討會論文集(頁109-124) 。臺北:財團法人中華飲食文化基金會。張小虹(1995)。性別越界。臺北:聯合文學。
  5. 陳相訓 (2008)。奈米化珍珠粉之理化特性與生體可用率。未出版博士論文,臺灣大學博士班食品科技研究所,臺北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃僅喻(2012)。職業網球選手Djokovic與Federer對戰各階段得分之比較研究。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2012。1-52。
  2. 盧彥勳(2012)。職業網球選手之身、心、技的演化歷程-以盧彥勳與羅迪克的三場比賽為例。臺灣師範大學運動競技學系學位論文。2012。1-99。
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