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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 一 、中文部分
  3. 方雅莉等(譯)(2003)。老人護理理論與實務。台北市:五南。
  4. 王孝先(1991)。單親的支援系統及其生活適應之研究。中國文化大學兒童福利研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 王國榮(2006)。中國式婚姻問題診斷。北京:中國言實出版社。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁榮良(2015)。佛教養護機構老人宗教信仰與心理健康。義守大學醫務管理學系學位論文。2015。1-79。 
  2. 康秩群(2017)。由文本詞彙分析角度探討國際圖書資訊學研究發展趨勢。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2017。1-86。 
  3. 簡宇卿(2011)。諮商師宗教信仰與助人專業 的衝突與因應經驗探討。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2011。1-190。
  4. 姚卿騰(2016)。高齡者參與正向心理課程對其心理健康改善之研究─以雲林縣社區日間照顧中心為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-253。
  5. 江景淵(2017)。銀髮族宗教志願服務者之資訊實務:以一貫道天職人員為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-144。
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