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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王亦榮(1997):台灣省視覺障礙兒童混合教育計畫巡迴輔導問題及其因應之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,5,97-124。
  2. 何世芸(2006):視障巡迴輔導教師專業知能調查之研究。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育學系碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 李永昌(1999):視障教育教師工作壓力之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,7,219-244。
  4. 杞昭安(1991):視覺障礙學生智力及相關因素之研究。特教園丁,6(4),9-21。
  5. 周桂鈴(2002):視覺障礙學生就讀普通學校的學習經驗與需求。國立台灣師範大學特殊教育研究所碩士論文,未出版。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蒲瑞娟(2012)。新北市國民教育階段巡迴輔導實施現況與成效之探討。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-165。 
  2. 劉禮平(2010)。馬祖地區教師與家長對資源班教師支援服務需求與滿意度探討。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-182。
  3. 李姿嫺(2011)。新北市國小自閉症兒童之導師對助理人員服務滿意度研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-171。
  4. 許凱文(2013)。國中特教班家長參與及滿意度之研究-以新北市為例。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-119。
  5. 馬薇茹(2017)。學前特殊幼兒家長參與及其滿意度之研究─以特殊教育長期追蹤資料庫為例。清華大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2017。1-140。
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