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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳芝儀(2000)。生涯輔導與諮商:理論與實務。嘉義市:濤石。
  2. 吳淑鶯(1996)。二年制商專學生對教學與學習之相關意見探討。商業職業教育季刊,64,24-35。
  3. 袁志晃(1994)。父母影響中學生職業價值觀念和生涯發展之探討。國立彰化師範大學輔導學報,17,1-31。
  4. 張志偉(2006)。臺北縣國中技藝教育學程學生學習動機與學習滿意度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 陳明仁(2004)。高職汽車科學生學習滿意度之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳政佑(2013)。新北市合作式國中技藝教育學程學生學習滿意度與生涯發展認知之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-162。 
  2. 蔡秉峯(2009)。國民中學技藝教育學程與學生職業成熟度之研究-以臺北縣為例。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-129。 
  3. 黃怡潔(2014)。新竹縣國中推動學生生涯輔導紀錄手冊之滿意度研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2014。1-99。 
  4. 黃怡心(2011)。屏東縣國中學生之生涯發展教育課程的課程實施認知、學習態度與學習成效之研究。屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-0。 
  5. 王韻淑(2007)。桃園縣國小教師使用線上測驗系統的國際計算機綜合能力認證學習滿意度之研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2007。1-216。
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