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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王晉基、郭重吉(1992)。利用選擇題的方式來探求國中學生對光的迷思概念之研究。科學教育,3,73-92。
  2. 王淑琴(1993)。利用DOE 晤談探究大學生電學方面的另有架構。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 邱彥文(2001)。國中理化課試行POE教學之個案研究。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳政勳(2003)。高中學生光學迷思概念之研究。國立臺灣師範大學物理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 吳穎沺、蔡今中(2005)。建構主義式的科學學習活動對國小高年級學生認知結構之影響-以「電與磁」單元為例。科學教育學刊,13(4), 387-411。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林沛萱(2009)。問題導向之學習單對七年級學生參觀國立台灣科學教育館學習成效之研究。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-241。
  2. 蔡俊義(2011)。多重表徵理論在理化科教學成效之研究—以酸鹼鹽單元為例。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-186。
  3. 曾靜香(2012)。電視科學節目在「教」與「學」運用上的評價-以「科學小原子」為例。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-120。
  4. 歐建榮(2013)。嵌入數位遊戲於5E學習環教學法對八年級學生學習光學概念之成效評估。臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-121。
  5. 紀明君(2015)。以POE教學策略探究幼兒對於蔬果切面變色概念之研究。朝陽科技大學應用化學系生化科技碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-235。
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