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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 201 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗,1996,〈台灣地區心智發展障礙幼兒早期療育服務供需及相關問題之研究〉,《特殊教育研究學刊14》,頁21-44。
  2. 王秀紅、楊詠梅,2002,〈東南亞跨國婚姻婦?的健康〉,《護?雜誌》,49 卷2 期,頁35-41。
  3. 王躍生,1997,《新制度主義》,台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 江宜樺,1998,〈當前台灣國家認同論述之反省〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,29 期,頁163-229。
  5. 宋學文,1999,〈特殊國與國關係之決策及其發展:3i模型的決策分析〉,《中國大陸研究》,第42卷,第11期,頁81。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳美蓮(2010)。臺中縣國民小學成人基本教育教學服務品質之研究-品質機能展開之應用。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
  2. 陳美蓮(2010)。臺中縣國民小學成人基本教育教學服務品質之研究-品質機能展開之應用。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
  3. 陳美蓮(2010)。臺中縣國民小學成人基本教育教學服務品質之研究-品質機能展開之應用。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
  4. 陳美蓮(2010)。臺中縣國民小學成人基本教育教學服務品質之研究-品質機能展開之應用。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
  5. 陳美蓮(2010)。臺中縣國民小學成人基本教育教學服務品質之研究-品質機能展開之應用。中臺科技大學文教事業經營研究所學位論文。2010。1-156。
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