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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 147 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何雪珍(1998):護理科應屆畢業生憂鬱傾向及其與生活壓力、社會支持、自殺傾向之相關性探討。未出版碩士論文,高雄市,私立高雄醫學大學。
  2. 李素菁(2002):青少年家庭支持與幸福感之相關研究-以台中市立國中為例。未出版碩士論文,臺中縣,私立靜宜大學。
  3. 李金治(2003):國立台灣師範大學四年級學生生活壓力、因應方式、社會支持與其身心健康之相關研究。未出版碩士論文,臺北市,國立台灣師範大學。
  4. 李珮瑄(2005):國中生同儕互動心理需求及其與人際互動相關研究。未出版碩士論文,臺北市,國立台灣師範大學。
  5. 林杏真(2002):自傷青少年生活壓力、社會支持與自我強度的發展及其關係研究。未出版碩士論文,臺北市,國立台灣師範大學。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鐘奕鱗(2014)。《開智慧?》影像裝置創作—以智慧型手機上癮之低頭族為主題。交通大學應用藝術研究所學位論文。2014。1-80。 
  2. 陳瑩真(2012)。臺北地區高職學生情緒智力與同儕人際關係之相關研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-102。 
  3. 王小娟(2015)。青少年之手機使用對其親子衝突及手機霸凌行為之影響。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-115。 
  4. 黃淑鈴(2014)。國中生手機使用行為影響之探討。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-141。 
  5. 陳瓊薇(2015)。國中生手機使用行為與自我概念、同儕關係之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-121。 
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