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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王幸雯(2001)。兒童速度概念發展之研究。國立台灣師範大學家政教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
    2. Erickson(1986)P.130「Qulitative methods in research」。
    3. 黃美瑛(1995)意象:幼兒教師實際知識的運作之研究。國立屏東師範學院
    4. 簡淑真(1998)。建構論及其在幼兒教育上的應用。課程與教學季刊,1卷3期。
    5. Driver Guesne,and Tiberghien(1985).Some features of children’s ideas and their implications for teaching .in Driver,R.,Guesne,E.& Tiberghien.
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林孟如(2009)。建構取向幼兒教學之參與式行動研究-一個班級的變革。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2009。1-268。
    2. 宋靜怡(2011)。原住民族文化融入幼兒科學課程與教學之研究- 以南投縣一所部落幼兒園為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2011。1-294。
    3. 張雅婷(2011)。建構取向幼兒科學探究教學檢核表之發展。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2011。1-205。
    4. 葉淑青(2014)。以探究食物顏色為主的科學活動對幼兒飲食習慣之影響。朝陽科技大學應用化學系學位論文。2014。1-180。
    5. 林怡君(2017)。幼兒同儕鷹架之閱讀行為探究。清華大學幼兒教育學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-163。
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