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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王楚蓁(2008)。《現代漢語詞類劃分與教學語法》。臺北:國立台灣師大華研所碩士論文。
  2. 呂彥菁(2005)。《現代漢語疑問詞「什麼」的教學語法》。臺北:國立台灣師大華語文教學研所碩士論文。
  3. 洪慎杏(2008)。《現代漢語複句分類與關聯詞語教學--以「而」為例》。臺北:國立台灣師大華語文教學研所碩士論文。
  4. 徐芝穎(2005)。《漢語動詞後置成分「好」與「到」之語法研究與教學排序-以韓籍學習者為例》。臺北:國立台灣師大華研所碩士論文。
  5. 莊舒文(2002)。《時相與時態的搭配關係》。臺北:國立台灣師大華語文教學研所碩士論文。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊雅棠(2010)。現代漢語「好」的語義、句法及語用分析。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-105。
  2. 陳韻竹(2010)。現代漢語可能性副詞可能性排序之研究。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-87。
  3. 陳丕榮(2010)。外籍學習者漢語句末語氣助詞習得研究與教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2010。1-155。
  4. 林愛婷(2011)。現代漢語語尾助詞「吧」與泰語對應語言形式之對比分析—兼談泰籍學生的華語教學應用。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2011。1-277。
  5. 陳冠婷(2012)。現代漢語副詞「再」之語義、篇章和語用分析。臺灣師範大學華語文教學研究所學位論文。2012。1-177。
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