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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 145 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱正誼(2001)。以主題式教學法來探討國中生「對科學的態度」之影響。國立臺灣師範大學物理系碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 呂枝益(1999)。國小社會科教科書中原住民內涵之分析研究。台灣師範大學教育學系碩士論文(未出版)。
  3. 李春慧(2003)。花蓮縣萬榮鄉布農族學生族群認同階段性發展之研究。慈濟大學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  4. 李暉(2000)。科學話語與科學概念的學習:以國中生裡化課學習為例。國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所博士論文(未出版)。
  5. 李瑛(2000)。多元文化與原住民教育─教育決策倫理之探討。哲學與文化,27(4),349-361。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳珮嘉(2011)。高中學生生命科學實驗設計能力之研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-159。
  2. 宋靜怡(2011)。原住民族文化融入幼兒科學課程與教學之研究- 以南投縣一所部落幼兒園為例。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2011。1-294。
  3. 邱于芳(2012)。族群、女性與科學─原住民女性科學菁英之敘事研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2012。1-127。
  4. 林燕妃(2012)。都市原住民學童族語教學與族群認同之探討 --以桃園縣國小學童為例。元智大學社會暨政策科學學系學位論文。2012。1-235。
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