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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李碧鳳(1996)。國內北區大學圖書館參考館員接受在職訓練之課程內容需求探討。圖書與資訊學刊,17,。
  2. 林鳳儀(2002)。我國企業圖書館館員核心能力之研究。國立台灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,未出版碩士論文。
  3. 陳敏珍(1989)。光碟資料庫系統在參考服務之應用。台北市立圖書館館訊,7(2),57-63。
  4. 張瓊治(2003)。淺談教育訓練人員之倫理品質。品質月刊,39(11),47-50。
  5. 謝寶煖(2002)。新世紀圖書資訊人才之核心能力。圖書與資訊學刊,41,19-43。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱敏芳(2012)。圖書資訊專業知能在數位出版與典藏產業之表現。中興大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-113。 
  2. 陳惠娟(2011)。自動化職能資料擷取與分析系統之建置。朝陽科技大學資訊管理系學位論文。2011。1-136。
  3. 薛竹婷(2015)。檔案管理人員核心職能結合教育訓練之研究。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-161。
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