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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任以容(2004)。探討國中生所知覺得父母教養態度、親子衝突因應模式與其人際困擾傾向之關係。未出版,台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所,台北。
  2. 李維靈、施建彬、邱翔蘭(2007)退休老人休閒活動參與及其幸福感之相關研究。人文暨社會科學期刊3(2),頁27-35。
  3. 洪秀梅(2007)。台南縣國小高年級學童父母管教方式、情緒察覺能力、自我概念對人際關係之影響。台南科技生活大學生活應用科技研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南。
  4. 施建彬(1995)。幸福感來源與相關因素探討。高雄醫學院碩士論文,未出版,高雄。
  5. 時蓉華(1996)。社會心理學。台北市:東華。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李思儀(2013)。台灣中老年人資源流失、社會支持、因應型態與心理幸福感的關係。中山醫學大學心理學系暨臨床心理學碩士班學位論文。2013。1-132。 
  2. 吳佳蓉(2015)。中高齡幸福感變遷與相關因素探討─臺灣地區中老年身心社會生活狀況長期追蹤三波調查分析。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-131。 
  3. 高藝玲(2012)。社區老人健康促進生活型態與主觀幸福感相關因素-以台南佳里區為例。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2012。1-157。 
  4. 吳佳玲(2010)。臺北縣國民小學退休教師社會參與及幸福感關係之研究。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-170。
  5. 徐珮旂(2010)。國中生父母教養態度、友誼品質與幸福感之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-150。
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