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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 236 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 8. 台北帝國大學預科五十周年記念誌編輯委員會,《芝蘭》(該會,1994年)。
    2. 10.廖雪芳,《白髮與白袍─台灣腎臟醫學先驅陳萬裕傳》(台北:橘井文化,2007年)。
    3. 17.吳佳璇,《台灣精神醫療的開拓者─葉英堃傳記》(台北:心靈工坊,2005年)。
    4. 1. Ming-Cheng M. Lo(駱明正), Doctors within Borders: Profession, Ethnicity, and Modernity in Colonial Taiwan, (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, C2002)。
    5. 14.李登輝,《台灣的主張》(台北:遠流,1999年)。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 前原 志保(2014)。李登輝與臺灣認同。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-225。 
    2. 簡士勛(2013)。跨語際下的文化翻譯與身分移動—以劉克明為例的探討(1895~1945)。臺灣大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2013。1-177。 
    3. 盧啟明(2011)。日治末期臺灣基督徒「傳道報國」認同之研究(1937-1945)。臺灣師範大學歷史學系學位論文。2011。1-227。
    4. 蕭怡姍(2012)。南島‧繁花‧勝景-鄉原古統《麗島名華鑑》與《台北名所圖繪十二景》研究。臺灣師範大學藝術史研究所學位論文。2012。1-417。
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