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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 303 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Au歐用生(1995)。〈鄉土教育的理念與設計〉。載於黃政傑、李隆盛主編
  2. Gôo吳美慧(2004)。《解嚴後臺灣語言教育政策之發展》。國立臺灣師範
  3. Hā 夏林清等譯,Altrichter,Posch & Somekh著(1997)。
  4. Iûnn楊智穎(2002)。《國民小學鄉土語言課程實施之研究—以三所國小
  5. 為例》。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王學靜(2012)。全語言教育歷程之實踐—以青青國小二年甲班學童臺語能力為例。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-226。
  2. 游舒帆(2012)。遊戲融入台羅拼音─以基隆市八斗地區兩國小五年級為例。臺灣師範大學台灣文化及語言文學研究所學位論文。2012。1-254。
  3. 古秀上(2012)。客語薪傳師團隊協同教學之建構與實踐─以客語魔法學院為例。臺灣師範大學台灣語文學系學位論文。2012。1-290。
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