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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如哲(2002)。知識經濟與教育。台北:五南。
  2. 王如哲(2006)。知識經濟的學校經營策略。研習論壇,68,5-9。
  3. 李淑珺(譯)(2006)。卓越大學-一流校長:MIT邁向卓越的策略。原著:Vest, C. M. (2005). Pursuing the endless frontier: essays on MIT and the role of reaserch universities.台北:張老師。
  4. 李隆盛(2000)。人力資源管理、領導與教練。就業與訓練,18(2),63-69。
  5. 呂勝瑛(2006)。台灣的人力資本及其競爭力之分析。人文暨社會科學期刊,2(1),7-17。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃則蓉(2013)。我國大學公共關係運作與策略之調查研究-以設有專責單位的大學為例。臺灣師範大學教育政策與行政研究所學位論文。2013。1-115。
  2. 陳玠宇(2014)。創業型大學的商業化策略:以國立清華大學和國立交通大學為例。清華大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-288。
  3. 薛欣怡(2015)。歐洲創業型大學發展研究:以德國慕尼黑工業大學為例。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-255。
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