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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 21、中華民國課程與教學學會主編,《九年一貫課程之展望》,楊智文化事業股份有限公司,民國88年7月。
    2. 27、陳豐祥,《歷史教學評量的理論與實際》,台灣學生書局,
    3. 3劉純興,《小組討論的類比學習對物理概念轉變之研究》,國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文,民國88年。
    4. 9江蕙如,《建構主義在歷史教學上的理論與實踐---以國二中國近代史為例》,國立台灣師範大學歷史研究所碩士論文,民國92年。
    5. 11吳清源,《討論式教學的特質與成效分析》,國立台灣師範大學物理研究所碩士論文,民國91年。
    Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
    1. 趙雅煬(2013)。討論式教學法的原理和實際操作-以國中三年級歷史科「古文明的誕生」為例。中興大學歷史學系所學位論文。2013。1-120。 
    2. 陳怡潔(2013)。心智圖融入國中歷史教學之行動研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-101。 
    3. 雷秀萍(2011)。建構主義教育思想在高中歷史教學上的實踐-以「1960年代美國的政治和社會」的單元教學為例。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2011。1-436。
    4. 林秀珍(2012)。愛國主義歷史教學目標在國中歷史教學的實踐— 以捍衛中華民國的政治經濟主權為中心。臺灣師範大學歷史學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-161。
    5. 葉煥文(2012)。探討運用世界咖啡館匯談方式對主管管理訓練成效影響之研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-107。
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