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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 125 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱哲宜(2005).青少年生命意義感、死亡態度與自我傷害關係的研究.台灣師範大學衛生教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  2. 吳慧敏(2001).死亡態度研究及其在生死教育上的運用.九十年五月台灣地區國中生生死教育教學研討會論文集:國立彰化師範大學通識教育中心、共同學科。
  3. 陳錫琦、吳麗玉、曾煥棠(2000).護理學校學生死亡態度之研究,醫護科技學刊,2(3)226-249。
  4. 陳錫琦(2004).大學生對生死學的學習需求之調查研究.學校衛生,45,17-41。
  5. 陳錫琦(2004).大學生印象深刻的接觸死亡或感覺接近死亡經驗及其意義之探討.健康促進暨衛生教育雜誌,24,15-40。
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