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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張金葉 (2008) 。擴寫教學對國小二年級學童記敘文寫作之影響。國立台東大學語文教育研究所在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東。
  2. 蔡藻藻 (2009) 。國小高年級議論文寫作教學模式之探究-以一個班級的行動研究為基礎。國立台東大學語文教育研究所在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台東。
  3. Chao, R. M., Liu, H. H., Chiu, H. H., & Lu, L. H. (2006). Research on teaching,learning satisfaction and results of free online wiki education platform of music collaborative composition. The International Journal of Arts Education, 4(2),125-150.
  4. Flower, L. & Hayes, J. R. (1981). A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition and Communication, 32(4), 365-387.
  5. Kieft, M., Rijlaarsdam, G, Galbraith, D., & Bergh, H.V.D (2007).The effects of adapting a writing course to students’ writing strategies. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77, 565-578.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳千卉(2011)。以電子化學習歷程檔案應用於跨領域合作學習之研究。國立臺北教育大學數位科技設計學系(含玩具與遊戲設計碩士班)學位論文。2011。1-158。 
  2. 黃聖凱(2012)。網路部落格對寫作表現的影響之後設分析研究。臺灣師範大學科技應用與人力資源發展學系學位論文。2012。1-128。
  3. 何蕙如(2012)。蘇格拉底對話法應用於國小高年級論說文寫作教學之個案研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2012。1-148。
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