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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 209 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉麟(2004)。研究倫理的相關議題。教師之友,45(2),33-47。
  2. 王麗雲、潘慧玲(2000)。教師彰權益能的概念與實施策略。教育研究集刊,44,173-199。
  3. 丘昌泰(2000)。公共政策。臺北市:巨流。
  4. 江惠真(2008)。教師專業發展評鑑促進學校革新之個案研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修班碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  5. 宋曜廷、劉俊廷 (2007)。教學卷宗在中小學教師專業評鑑的應用:評析NBPTS經驗。教育研究集刊,53,55-86。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭瓊玉(2016)。農保與國民年金保險脫勾政策制定過程之研究-多元流程觀點分析。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-175。
  2. 楊永吉(2017)。從國民住宅到社會住宅之政策變遷:以多元流程模式分析。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士班學位論文。2017。1-73。
  3. 胡依珊(2017)。馬來西亞華文獨中教師評鑑制度實施意見之研究。清華大學教育與學習科技學系馬來西亞境外碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-222。
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