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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 成之約、賴佩均(2008)。我國觀光休閒產業從業人員之職能分析及職業訓練之研發。行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局泰山職業訓練中心。
  2. 行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局(2008)。觀光產業人才培訓振興計畫。2010年07月14日,取自行政院勞工委員會職業訓練局,網址:
  3. 吳一萍(2007)。退伍軍人懷舊情感、地方依附及戰地觀光意願之研究,兼論金門戰地觀光政策。未出版碩士論文,靜宜大學,臺中市。
  4. 林宜玄、蕭芳玲(2004)。訓練評鑑模式之比較分析。商業職業教育。
  5. 林金定、嚴嘉楓、陳美花(2005)。質性研究方法:訪談模式與實施步驟分析。身心障礙研究月刊,3(2),122-136。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃淑惠(2013)。職業工會導入國家訓練品質系統辦理在職訓練之研究。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2013。1-179。
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