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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王忠信(2005)。〈淺談客語教學〉,《師友》。台北:心理,454期,頁58-60。
  2. 行政院客家委員會(2009)。〈客語薪傳師座談會會議手冊〉。臺北:臺北縣客家事務局。
  3. 吳天泰(1997)。〈由多元文化的觀點看原住民母語教學的發展〉,《當前語文學習問題研討會會前論文集》。台北:臺灣大學。
  4. 吳雅惠(1999)。《教師多元文化教學信念與其運作課程之個案研究》。國立花蓮師範學院多元文化研究所碩士論文。
  5. 約翰。愛德華茲(John Edwards)著,蘇宜青譯(1994)。《語言、社會和同一性》。台北市:桂冠。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖中秋(2012)。客家政策效益之實證研究-以桃園縣為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-197。
  2. 宋月華(2015)。客語能力認證獎勵之政策工具研究:以行政機關公務人員為例。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-153。
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