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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明順(2002)。國民中學主任工作壓力與因應策略之研究。未出版碩士,彰化師範大學教育研究所,彰化市。
  2. 吳政融(2001)。大學體育教師工作壓力及因應方式之研究。未出版碩士,國立台灣師範大學體育研究所,臺北市。
  3. 吳務貞(1991)。影響童軍教育實施成效之因素分析研究。公民訓育學報,1,1-30。
  4. 吳楦晴(2006)。大學校院克外活動組行政人員工作壓力與職業倦怠關係之研究。未出版碩士,國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導研究所,臺北市。
  5. 呂志成(2007)。國民中學教師兼任訓導行政職務者工作壓力與壓力因應之研究。未出版碩士,國立彰化師範大學工業教育與技術學系,彰化縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝育錚(2013)。臺北市國中生童軍團參與和提昇品格力之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-177。 
  2. 朱惠敏(2012)。北區大學社團負責人角色壓力及其因應策略研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-244。
  3. 張志銘(2015)。高雄市議員助理人力資源運用與發展之研究。中山大學高階公共政策碩士班學位論文。2015。1-129。
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