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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳復中(2000)。概念生態對國中學生呼吸作用概念發展之影響。國立臺灣師範大學生物學系碩士論文。
  2. 李偉新(2002)。中學化學多媒體輔助教材之製作。國立臺灣師範大學化學所在職進修碩士班碩士論文。
  3. 呂益準(2005)。以混成軌域之電腦多媒體教導學生判斷分子形狀。國立台灣師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 邱上峰(2001)。以個別化電腦輔助教學探討學生對於氣體粒子概念之學習成效。國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文。
  5. 周岱學(2003)。STS融入教學對國中生創造力與問題解決能力之影響。國立台灣師範大學化學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韻雯(2014)。應用互動式電子白板對國中科學教師PCK發展之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-152。 
  2. 劉俊賢(2012)。互動式電子白板融入5E探究教學對學生探究能力影響之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-197。 
  3. 鍾明志(2012)。新北市國中教師使用互動式電子白板接受度之探究-以科技接受模式觀點探討。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-117。
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