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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 18 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱彦文 (2000)。國中理化課試行POE教學之個案研究。彰化市:國立彰化師範大學科學教育研究所碩士論文(未出版)。
  2. 楊秀霞(1999)。實驗教學教案設計之研究–以「生活中塑膠為例」。國立師範大學化學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 張育倩(2008)。跨年級學生氧化還原概念發展歷程。國立師範大學化學研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 中文部分:
  5. 郭重吉(1992):從建構主義的觀點探討中小學數理教學的改進。科學發展月刊,21(5),548-568。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄒正強(2013)。探究式實驗教學對八年級學生創造力 影響之研究。臺灣師範大學化學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2013。1-197。
  2. 紀明君(2015)。以POE教學策略探究幼兒對於蔬果切面變色概念之研究。朝陽科技大學應用化學系生化科技碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-235。
  3. 王華南(2016)。合作學習融入POE教學對九年級學生學習成就影響之研究-以月相概念為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-86。
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