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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昱婷(2010)。國小學童霸凌行為與心理健康之相關研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,台北市。
  2. 吳銘祥(2007)。當孩子遇上霸凌。師友,479,45-49。
  3. 吳璟誼(2010)。桃園縣國小高年級學童父母管教態度對校園霸凌傾向影響之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北大學,台北縣。
  4. 李卓穎(2010)。高中職同儕間霸凌行為及其因應策略之研究─以花蓮地區為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立中正大學,嘉義縣。
  5. 林項爵(2009)。父母教養型態、教師管教方式與國小高年級學生霸凌行為之相關探討。(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學。台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂敏綺(2016)。高中職霸凌受害學生個人特質及相關因素之研究 -以嘉義市高中職生為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2016。1-158。
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