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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 166 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍定武(1979)。台北市國民中學工藝師能力本位在職教育需要鑑定之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北。
  2. 李育齊(2008)。大學校院學生事務中階主管經營能力與專業發展需求之研究-以北區大學校院為例。台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 林至善(2006)。我國大學校院學生事務長領導特質、領導行為與領導效能關係之研究。國立台灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系博士論文,未出版,臺北。
  4. 黃光雄(1994)。教育概論。臺北:師大書苑。
  5. 楊一鳴,趙傑夫(2006)。學務領導有一套—來自實務界的看法。學生事務理論與實務,45(2~4),32-54。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周雪惠(2015)。大專校院學校行政人員工作壓力與工作績 效相關之研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2015。1-137。 
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