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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李偉松(2005),《蔣經國與救國團之研究(1969-1988) 》,國立中央大學歷史研究所碩士論文
  2. 洪宜嫃(2007),《中國國民黨婦女工作之研究(1924-1949)》,國立政治大學歷史研究所碩士論文
  3. 孫中山著a,中國國民黨中央委員會黨史委員會編(1989),第四冊《國父全集》,台北:近代中國出版社
  4. 孫中山著b,中國國民黨中央委員會黨史委員會編(1989),第三冊《國父全集》,台北:近代中國出版社
  5. 孫中山著c,中國國民黨中央委員會黨史委員會編(1989),第九冊《國父全集》,台北:近代中國出版社
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 章廉(2015)。臺灣政治性營隊對青年政治認同與參與的影響 ——以2008年後四個臺灣政治性營隊為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-80。
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