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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任育瑩(2009)。國中生幽默風格、嘲笑風格與創造力之相關研究。未出版碩士,國立臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班,台北市。
  2. 江新合、唐偉成(1999)。開發科學創造力的V-Map教學策略實徵研究。科學教育學刊,7(4),367-392。
  3. 吳文龍(2004)。自然科創意與批判思考教學對國小學生學習動機、批判思考及科學創造力之研究。臺北市立師範學院科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  4. 吳秀娟(2006)。主題統整教學對國小學童創造力、問題解決能力及學業成就的影響之研究。未出版碩士,國立臺灣師範大學創造力發展碩士在職專班,台北市。
  5. 吳靜吉、丁興祥、邱皓政(2002)。創造力的發展與實踐。應用心理研究,15,15-16。
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