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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古蒙仁 (1978)。黑色的部落。時報文化,台北。
  2. 紀駿傑 (1998a)。 我們沒有共同的未來:西方主流「環保」關懷的政治經濟學。台灣社會研究季刊,第三十一期,頁141-167。
  3. 陳茂泰 (1973)。從旱田到果園─道澤與卡母界農業經濟變遷的調適 中央研究院民族學研究所集刊第36期。
  4. 陳瑞華 (2001)。以社會行銷理論檢視全國搶救棲蘭檜木林聯盟在搶救棲蘭檜木林運動中的策略運用。師範大學環境教育研究所碩士班論文。
  5. 劉炯錫 (2001)。台灣原住民文化在環境教育之應用。中華民國九十年度環境教育國際學術研討會論文集,頁295-304。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳錦鴻(2006)。原住民部落居民對民宿業發展 衝擊的環境識覺差異分析 -以司馬庫斯、新光部落為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2006。1-93。 
  2. 徐文宏(2008)。BOT焚化廠回饋金機制之探討-以苗栗縣為例。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2008。1-116。
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