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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 183 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王錦珍(1994)。國中實習教師社會化之俗民誌研究。國立台灣師範大學教育研究所碩士
  2. 伊淑萍(2000)。師資培育制度下科學實習教師實習個案研究。國立台灣師範大學化學研
  3. 朱苑瑜(2001)。國中實習教師之信念改變與其影響因素之關係。國立中山大學教育研究
  4. 吳和堂(2000)。國民中學實習教師教學反省與專業成長關係之研究。國立高雄師範大學
  5. 卓佩玲(1999)。國民中學實習教師教學思考之研究。國立高雄師範大學教育研究所碩士
Times Cited (14) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧俞俞(2014)。臺北市國中導師對身心障礙學生之師生互動與班級經營效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-201。 
  2. 胡麗美(2013)。國中初任導師實務知識之敘事探究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-145。 
  3. 江沚盈(2015)。觸動時刻:資源班數學科教師使用互動式電子白板的教學歷程。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-136。 
  4. 葉修吟(2014)。台灣英語村英語教學師生互動之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-195。 
  5. 邱盟淑(2004)。360度回饋法影響輔導科實習教師自我效能之研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2004。1-160。
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